The urinary tract is a system of organs. Wastes are filtered from the blood to make urine. It moves through the tract until it passes from the body.
The urinary system is made up of:
- Two kidneys—filter wastes from blood and make urine
- Two ureters—tubes that move urine from the kidneys to the bladder
- Bladder—a hollow organ that holds urine until you’re ready to pass it
- Urethra—a tube that passes urine out of the body from the bladder
A UTI can happen in any of these structures.
A UTI happens when bacteria on the skin, genitals, or rectal area get into the urethra. Once there, they grow and spread. A UTI can also be caused by:
- A medical procedure or surgery.
- Placing a catheter—A tube placed through the urethra and into the bladder. Bacteria climb the tube into the bladder.
- Having sex.
Many types of bacteria can cause a UTI. Rarely, they can be caused by fungi. In children, they can be caused by viruses.What are the risk factors for a urinary tract infection?What are the symptoms of a urinary tract infection?How is a urinary tract infection diagnosed?What are the treatments for a urinary tract infection?Are there screening tests for a urinary tract infection?How can I reduce my risk of getting a urinary tract infection?What questions should I ask my doctor?What is it like to live with chronic urinary tract infections?Where can I get more information about urinary tract infections?
- Reviewer: EBSCO Medical Review Board Adrienne Carmack, MD
- Review Date: 09/2018 -
- Update Date: 09/20/2018 -